Hair loss

Hair loss – Tips how to prevent Male Pattern Baldness (MPB)

You should start with finding out the cause of your hair loss. There are different types of hair loss and it could depend on several things like diseases and hormonal changes.

  • Male pattern baldness is also known as androgenic alopecia
  • Female hair loss – is often a thinning of the hair that makes you get less dense with hair on the crown.
  • Medical hair loss includes illness, medication and stress which makes you lose hair
  • Patches of hair loss

The most common form of hair loss is androgenic alopecia or male pattern hair loss known as male pattern baldness (MPB). Many men suffer often early in the life of hair loss and baldness develops. The mechanism of hair miniaturization is completely independent of the mechanism of cell aging.

The degree and hair loss can vary and there are both male and female pattern alopecia. There are various forms of alopecia.

Hereditary hair loss is the most common form of hair loss is also called alopecia androgenic. An older term is seborrheic hair loss is thus mainly used in Europe. Hereditary hair loss should not be confused with alopecia areata, which involves patchy hair loss. Extreme forms of Alopecia areata is Alopecia totalis, which involves the loss of all head hair, and the most extreme form, Alopecia universalis, which involves the loss of all hair from the head and body.

Facts about hair and how hair grows:

On average, hair of 51% coal, 20% oxygen, 17% nitrogen, and 6% hydrogen. But the percentages vary from person to person. A central concept is the hair follicles or follicles that they are also known. Hair follicles have you all over your body and it is from here that the hair grows. Hair follicles are different for different people such as those with straight hair tend to have more straight hair follicles and curly afro hair is usually more curved hair follicles.

Hair grows slowly, and they grow in groups called follicular units (follicular units). 60% of all grafts consisting of two pieces of hair, 15-18% of the hair follicles has one hair, 15-18% contain three hairs, 1-4% includes 4 hair and 0-6% contain five or six hairs. This means that surgeons primarily works with ones, twos and threes. The little ones’ are paramount in the front hairline, while the 2’s and 3’s way further back when transplanted hair.

The normal cycle of hair growth is 2 to 3 years. Each hair grows about 1 centimeter per month during this phase. About 90 percent of the hair on your scalp is growing at a time which means that the remaining 10 percent of the hair is in a resting phase. After 3 to 4 months, you lose the dormant hair follicles and new hair starts to grow in its place.

What causes hair loss?

There are many causes of hair loss. The presence of the hormone, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), in a genetically susceptible man, is necessary for hair loss to occur and begins to develop after puberty.

It is common for many lose their hair after 3 or 4 months after illness. Many people have hair loss after major surgery. Hair loss  as you probably know is also related to stress and diet. Hormonal problems may cause hair loss and correction of hormonal imbalance may stop your hair loss. Talk to a dermatologist (specialist in skin diseases) if you are unsure what applies to you and to learn more.

Many women notice hair loss about 3 months after they have given birth and they get worried. Hair loss is often related to hormones. During pregnancy, many lose a lot of hair due to high levels of certain hormones. When the hormones return to pre-pregnancy, it is often good again.

Some medicines can cause hair loss. Hair loss may increase when you stop taking a particular medicine. Drugs that can cause hair loss are blood thinners (also called anticoagulants), medicines used to treat gout, high blood pressure or heart problems, vitamin A (if too much is taken), birth control pills and antidepressants.

Certain infections can cause hair loss. Fungal infections of the scalp can cause hair loss in children. Infections are usually easy to treat with antifungal drugs. Finally, hair loss can occur as part of an underlying disease such as lupus or diabetes.

When should you seek help from medical services, doctors and dermatologists?

Although the most common hair loss is genetic hair loss hair loss it could be an early sign of a disease. It is important to find the cause so that the disease itself can be treated. As a first contact, you can contact a health center if your hair loss is increasing dramatically, especially if:

  • You feel sick
  • If your scalp is red, sore or irritated
  • If you suspect that the medications you are using may be the cause of hair loss
  • If your hair loss is found in patches, especially if the skin looks different from the scalp next (there are dermatologists who specialize in skin problems)
  • If your hair loss is so strong that there can be talk of a wig or hair loss keep you from spending time socially with other people.
  • Women who are also receiving increased hair growth on the body
  • In Sweden you can call the County Council’s service medical advice by phone 1177.
    Medical advice is open around the clock, which provides emergency medical advice.

Hair loss treatment:  What can you do to prevent hair loss?

Whether the cause of hair loss is genetics, medication or stress, hair loss is treated in many ways. There are different types of treatments, drugs, and there is hair transplantation. On this site we have a focus on different hair transplant surgical methods like FUT and FUE but there are also other methods.

Among the most well-known drugs for hair loss, you will find Rogaine / Propecia and Recrea. Some stores also mention Revexan (which is not approved by FDA). Nowadays it is common for men aged between 25 years-60 operated and even women get in touch with clinics for surgery.

Read more about hair loss at different ages:

  • Hair loss if you are older than 60
  • Hair Loss 50-59 years of age
  • Hair Loss 40-50 years of age
  • Hair loss at 30-39 years of age
  • Hair loss at 20 to 29 years of age
  • Hair loss earlier than age 20

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Read this page in Swedish: håravfall